CRD engines: what it stands for and its performance parameters

CRD engines: what it stands for and its performance parameters

CRD engines are diesel turbocharged engines with a direct fuel injection system, installed on Chrysler, Dodge, and Jeep cars. They have been available since 2000. These power units are produced by VM Motori, Fiat Powertrain, Volkswagen AG, and Daimler AG. They are characterised by high performance and excellent torque values.

Features of CRD engines

Most CRD engines have a cast iron engine block; versions with an aluminium block are rare. The cylinder head is always made of aluminium. The valve timing mechanism uses a chain or a belt. As a rule, a common rail is used for fuel supply. ECD engines, which are equipped with unit injectors, are an exception. Turbochargers for these engines are usually made by Garrett or IHI.

Popular CRD engines

Code Manufacturer Engine capacity, l Number and arrangement of cylinders Number of valves Max. output, hp Max. torque, Nm Production start Car models equipped with this type of engine
ENJ VM Motori 2.5 inline-four 16 141 340 2000 Chrysler Voyager 4; Jeep Cherokee KJ
ENS VM Motori 2.8 inline-four 16 160–200 360– 460 2006 Jeep Cherokee KK and Wrangler JK; Chrysler Grand Voyager 5; Dodge Nitro
ENR VM Motori 2.8 inline-four 16 150–163 360–400 2000 Chrysler Voyager 4; Jeep Cherokee KJ
ECD Volkswagen AG 2.0 inline-four 16 140 310 2006 Chrysler Sebring 3; Dodge Avenger; Jeep Compass MK
EXF Fiat Powertrain/ VM Motori 3.0 V6 24 190– 250 440–570 2010 Chrysler 300C LD; Jeep Grand Cherokee WK2
EDJ Daimler AG 2.2 inline-four 16 121– 150 300 2002 Chrysler PT Cruiser
ECE Volkswagen AG 2.0 inline-four 16 140 310 2006 Dodge Caliber and Journey; Jeep Patriot MK and Compass MK
EXL Daimler AG 3.0 V6 24 218 510 2005 Chrysler 300C LX; Jeep Grand Cherokee WK andCommander XK

Common malfunctions of CRD engines

Malfunctions  Engines
The fuel pressure control valve often breaks down. ENJ; ENS; ENR
The injectors often become unusable. ENJ; EDJ; ECE; ECD; ENS; ENR
The air mass flow sensor gets soiled prematurely. Usually it is caused by tearing of the membrane of the crankcase ventilation valve. ENJ
The thermostat has a relatively short lifespan. ENJ; EXF
The crankshaft position sensor sometimes breaks down. EDJ; ENJ
The turbocharger has a short lifespan. ENS; EXL; ECE; ECD; ENR
The connector of the fuel filter heater loses its tightness often. ENS; ENR
The EGR valve quickly builds up carbon deposits and gets jammed. ECD; ECE
Turbocharger hoses are prone to cracking. EXF
The valve of the engine oil cooler gets broken, leading to oil starvation. EXF
The intake manifold flaps often jam. EXL; EDJ
The quick release connectors of the fuel system lose elasticity, leading to its airlocking. EDJ
Engine oil leaks often occur. EXL
The exhaust manifold is prone to cracking. EXL


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