For a while now, electric cars have been touted as the solution to the car industry’s greenhouse gas woes, with the potential to reduce our dependence on fossil fuels and cut CO2 emissions on the roads. However, the transition to electric vehicles (EVs) has been slow and many people are concerned about whether the benefits of these cars really outweigh the costs. For people who are considering buying an EV, our recommendation would be to explore your options and examine the advantages and disadvantages individually as they could also be affected by your driving environment, habits, and preferences.
How do electric vehicles work?
Instead of an internal combustion engine, all-electric models use an electric motor powered by a rechargeable battery pack. The motor generates less noise pollution and allows the car to operate without emitting harmful exhaust gases. The battery stores the electricity, an inverter converts the battery’s direct current (DC) into alternating current (AC) which is supplied to the traction motor. These vehicles feature a single-transmission system which transfers the power to the wheels. To charge the battery, the EV must be plugged into a charging point or a wall outlet.
The advantages of electric cars
The disadvantages of electric cars
How does temperature affect the vehicle’s range?
The range may be affected by extreme temperatures (hot or cold). Data has shown that the optimum operating temperature for the electrical power systems is around 21.5 degrees celsius. An important factor is the efficiency of the heating and cooling systems. Automakers have tried to develop solid thermal management to avoid performance losses.
Are electric cars actually better for the environment?
The reductions in annual emissions are clear, but the sustainability of these cars is still largely disputed. For example, the production processes are still carbon-intensive and most of them still rely on electricity from the grid which is often produced using non-renewable energy sources. The recycling industry for the lithium-ion batteries is also underdeveloped and underprepared for the increase in waste management requirements.